July 10, 2012
Software Apprentices Will Need Insights, Not BuzzwordsA lot of the debate that goes on in the world of software development about the processes, practices and techniques that we should be applying seems to hinge on what we choose to call what we do.
This has the effect of creating the illusion that nobody really agrees on anything. And as my thoughts turn more exclusively to apprenticeships for software developers, this presents something of a problem.
If John Q Apprentice learns how to write software at Company X, there's no guarantee that he'll come away from that with knowledge and skills that Company Y would agree are important. My mind borks at the prospect of "Agile apprenticeships" or "Scrum apprenticeships" or "Extreme Programming apprenticeships", because I fear for apprentices being sold such narrow perspectives on what is, in fact, a very wide discipline.
I know I bang on about the potential for "evidence-based" approaches, but this is the real reason why. I believe we have a responsibility to young, impressionable minds to find a way for them to learn their craft (there, I've said it) without bamboozling them with buzzwords and brand names.
I'm planning to take on 2 "apprentices" in the near future (two undergraduates who I'll mentor throughout their degree studies and beyond), and this problem's weighed heavily on my mind.
What I really want to do, apart from giving them an opportunity to get a thousand or more hours of good, focused hands-on practice before they hit the job market, is give them a thorough grounding in the underlying principles of software development - free from fashions and fads - and use this practice time to help them internalise those principles until they become part of their developer DNA, so to speak.
Most importantly, I don't want to present a picture of software development that's personal, subjective and founded on little more than anecdotes. It's the height of arrogance, in my (arrogant) opinion, to tell people "you'll just have to take my word for it". I don't want to saddle two bright and enthusiastic young developers with the "Jason Gorman way" of writing software. That's a burden I wouldn't wish on anyone. Except maybe myself. Well, even then...
Fortunately, it's not necessary. In all the areas that count, much work has been done in the last few decades to establish principles upon which one could base a perfectly workable discipline of software development.
We know, for example, that more feedback more often, and more meaningful feedback, helps us solve complex problems more effectively and more economically than trying to get it right first time.
And we know that close collaboration with our customers is a major factor in project success rates.
Just as we know that testing earlier and more frequently throughout the development process catches problems sooner, making them so much easier to fix that the time saved later often outweighs the extra time spent testing.
There are a bunch of underlying principles upon which I feel I could build a good apprenticeship without lazily resorting to throwing buzzwords out there and saying "trust me, it works". My ambition is that apprentices will not only be fluent in the practies they apply, but they also know why they're applying them, and can find ways to apply these underlying principles regardless of the specific environments they find themselves in.
Buzzwords may last them a few productive years before they fall out of favour, but I'm hoping some key fundamental insights will serve them throughout their careers.
Posted 5 days, 2 hours ago on July 10, 2012