October 28, 2016
What is a "Software Developer"?Over the last few months, I've been thinking a lot about what a software developer is, and about how employers might know one when they see one.
I've long had my own idea: that a software developer - as opposed to a programmer, or a web developer, or a tester, or user experience designer, or any other specialised role - is a bit like a building contractor.
My Dad was a builder for many years, and worked in and then took over the family business. He studied at college and worked on building sites, but he wasn't a tradesman. Not a bricklayer, or a carpenter, or an electrician, or a plumber, or a steelworker, or an architect, or a quantity surveyor, or a structural engineer.
As a building contractor - the person in charge of delivering working buildings - he had to be a bit of all those things, and a bit more. He could do bricklaying, who could do carpentry, he could do plumbing. And he could design buildings, as well as read blueprints, cost the work, calculate how deep the foundations would need to be, how big the boiler would need to be, how thick the loft insulation would need to be and so on.
To me, a software developer is a bit like that. We're responsible for delivering working software, and as such we need to have a practical appreciation of everything that's required to make that happen. We're not bricklayers, but we can lay bricks. We're not plumbers, but we can plumb if we need to. We're not electricians, but we could do wiring to a safe standard if necessary.
A software developer isn't a database expert, but can design, implement and administer databases if needed. A software developer isn't a Java programmer, or a C# programmer, or Swift programmer, but could do the coding to a high enough standard if needed. A software developer isn't a UX expert, but could design a usable GUI if required. A software developer isn't a software architect, but could create and maintain a workable architecture, along with any necessary visual models, if called for.
And a software developer isn't a project manager, but they could manage a project without tying themselves in knots, keeping track of time and resources, hiring teams, getting all the space and equipment the team needs, liaising with project stakeholders, and being a bit of a sales person for the team when selling is needed.
Nor is a software developer a requirements or a business analyst, but they're capable of working directly with customers and other stakeholders, identifying real requirements, and articulating requirements in a way that can lead to working software that meets the customer's needs.
For me, a software developer can be trusted to work alone - on projects of a certain size, and on certain technology stacks, in certain problem domains - to produce working software that's fit for purpose. Just as my dad, perhaps with the help of one labourer, could build a kitchen extension or a conservatory.
And on more ambitious projects he'd know who to hire. He knows a good bricklayer when he sees one. He knows a good chippy when he sees one. He knows what he wants from a plumber, from an electrician, from a roofer, from a landscape gardener.
He could build you a kitchen extension by himself. And he could hire and manage a team that could build you a factory unit, or a housing estate.
In my mind, that's what a software developer is. One of Scott Ambler's "generalising specialists", who has a hands-on, practical understanding of all the key disciplines in software development - management, strategy, requirements, security, infrastructure, architecture, design, programming, testing, configuration & release management, support, maintenance, decommissioning and transition - and knows who to hire when the job is too much for one developer.
The main difference between my vision and what a building contractor does is that, in my vision, everyone on the development team is a developer, just with particular specialisms. So, going back to the building metaphor, a building contractor who specialise in brick and block work, a building contractor who specialises in plumbing, and so on.
This gives great flexibility. Specialists who only know their specialism can quickly become bottlenecks. I've lost count of the days I've wasted waiting for the UX designer to come and help me on a user story. And then there was that time the DBA went on a month-long holiday and had locked everyone else out of making changes to the database...
So, not so much "collective code ownership" as collective everything ownership.
Well, that's my idea of what a software developer is. You may now throw the furniture around.
Posted 3 years, 3 months ago on October 28, 2016