October 29, 2016
How Do I Know a "Software Developer" When I See One?More thoughts on what a software developer is; this time on how we know one when we see one.
Everyone has their own story, and software developers come by many routes. My personal journey, like so many, started with the home computing boom of the early 1980s, but didn't really flourish into what I'd now call "software development" until more than a decade later, when I was introduced to practices with names like "requirements engineering", "software configuration management", "architecture", "modeling", "unit testing", "usability", "formal specification", and all the rest.
20 years ago, when I was relatively new to a lot of these things, I believed in The One True WayTM. Today, I've experienced first-hand several One True Ways - Fusion, Catalysis, the Unified Process, Select Perspective (and a myriad other UML-y, component-y methods, even designing a few myself), and Extreme Programming. The way I practice XP draws on previous experience with Formal Methods, model-driven development, plus ideas pinched from books on Cleanroom Software Engineering, the Personal and Team Software Processes, Feature-Driven Development, business strategy, complexity theory, and anywhere else I stumbled across good ideas that could be applied to writing software.
Having absorbed so many ideas - or, more accurately, so many different interpretations of many of the same good ideas (e.g., iterate towards testable goals, test early & often, build software out of simple swappable parts, etc) - I feel I have a decent handle on what software development is, and have practical experience across a spectrum of usually cosmetically different approaches to it.
And I know a lot of software developers. Their journeys may be different to mine, but they all seem to have one thing in common with me: diversity of experience and ideas. They're not people who just learned Extreme Programming, just work in Java, just do TDD, just use Git, just write web applications, and so on.
They've typically been around long enough to have had careers that span multiple "movements" in software development: the OO/patterns movement of the early-mid-nineties, the UML/UP/component-based development movement of the late 90's. The early agile/XP movement of the early noughties. The post-agile/craftsmanship movement of the late noughties. And, yes, I am saying that if you're my idea of a "software developer", chances are you've been in this game - remaining at the code face to some degree - for 20+ years.
But not necessarily. Someone who reads a diverse range of literature on software development, and tries the ideas for real, could develop the breadth and depth of knowledge and experience faster. But we're still talking a decade or more, realistically. Nobody learns that fast!
And the experience is important. So much of what we do relies on tacit knowledge. It's not written down anywhere. You can't cram that.
So - to recap and summarise - if you asked me "is that person a 'software developer'?", I'd look for experience of all the key disciplines of software development (including some team management, hiring, finance/admin, etc), and I'd look for at least 2 examples of each:
- 2+ approaches to development (e.g., Unified Process and DSDM)
- 2+ programming languages & paradigms (e.g., Java and F#)
- 2+ technology stacks (e.g., LAMP and Android)
- 2+ VCS technologies & workflows (e.g., Git and SVN)
- 2+ build & deployment technologies & approaches (e.g., Maven+Jenkins, Make+Bash)
- 2+ kinds of visual modeling/sketching of architecture & design (e.g., UML and ERD)
- 2+ database technologies & paradigms (e.g, MySQL and Neo4j)
- 2+ kinds of testing (e.g., Web GUI with Selenium, and customer tests with FitNesse)
- 2+ roles they've played (e.g., programmer and architect, or tester and business analyst) - though, really, a "software developer" could wear any hat on a small project
- 2+ business domains, 2+ different scales of project/programme
You get the general idea, I'm sure.
On top of all this, I'd expect a software developer to have contributed to the wider developer community: blogging (at a minimum), teaching, mentoring, writing, speaking/presenting, creating or contributing to useful development tools and standards. You know... paying it forward. I would not be what I consider a software developer if other people hadn't done these things.
Posted 3 weeks, 2 days ago on October 29, 2016